Article

Population

The Start of the Sub-Saharan Fertility Transition : Some Answers and Many Questions

et , « The Start of the Sub-Saharan Fertility Transition : Some Answers and Many Questions », Journal of International development, 1995.
Factors associated with socioeconomic development such as increased education and urbanization were initially associated in sub-saharan Africa with an increase in fertility. This was largely due to their eroding effects on durations of breastfeeding and postpartum abstinence, and in some regions also to lowered levels of infecundity. During the 1980's, the second phase of the transition emerged in areas located in Eastern and southern Africa. This phase is characterized by increasing proportions of users of modern contraception and by ...

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