Société, modes de vie

Cette page regroupe l'ensemble des publications de Futuribles sur cette thématique (Vigie, revue, bibliographie, études, etc.)

Bibliography

Société, modes de vie - Territoires, réseaux

Portraits des grandes villes. Société, pouvoirs, territoires

Réunissant 14 études de cas sur différentes villes du monde, dont Montréal, cet ouvrage se veut un document riche pour la comparaison des villes. Les textes sont accompagnés de cartes et tableaux statistiques facilitant la compréhension des espaces étudiés.

Revue

Société, modes de vie

L’avenir du christianisme en France

There are today two opposing views of the place of religious belief: that of Samuel Huntington, who argues that there are lasting differences between the Christian, Moslem, Confucian and other civilizations which will ultimately and inevitably lead to conflict; and that which argues that the processes of modernization and postmodernization will give rise to widespread cultural changes, with a general convergence of values despite initially divergent religious beliefs.
Jean Joncheray, basing his analysis on an article by Ronald Inglehart, first demonstrates that these two views are not as incompatible as they might appear, thanks to the "growing tolerance of diversity", if for no other reason. Then, focusing more closely on the position of Christianity in Europe, he wonders whether Christianity may not be "the religion to end religions". Taking up the arguments of Marcel Gauchet, he suggests that, by abandoning efforts to impose the truth by force, Christians have opened the way to human rights, freedom of conscience and therefore, to some extent, the decline of religion.
But matters are not so simple and Joncheray ends by offering three possible scenarios for the future of Catholicism in France:
- it might become "a marker of identity" in which a tiny minority of practising Catholics take refuge;
- it might be reduced to a cultural phenomenon, as French culture continues to be shaped by Christian values which are part of the "general heritage of the past" in French society;
- there might be a "revival of a religious outlook" which would arise as a democratic, pluralist and secular society attempted to provide itself once more with shared values derived from humanism.

Bibliography

Ressources naturelles, énergie, environnement - Société, modes de vie

Prospective : les protéines végétales et animales, enjeux de société et défis pour l’agriculture et la recherche

À l'avenir, la consommation par habitant de protéines animales augmentera très probablement partout dans le monde. Les enjeux socio-économiques se situent aussi bien dans le domaine alimentaire, dans le secteur de l'alimentation du bétail et de la production d'oléagineux et de protéagineux, sans oublier les problèmes d'environnement. C'est pourquoi l'Inra a engagé depuis 1997 une prospective sur le sujet, dont ce document constitue le rapport final. À partir d'une analyse approfondie de la ...

(69 more words)

Bibliography

Société, modes de vie

Les Français et les loisirs

Menée pour l'un des principaux groupes français de presse magazine, cette étude a permis de donner une photographie économique et sociétale des Français face au temps de loisirs et aux activités de loisirs. Elle s'est appuyée sur l'exploitation de diverses sources statistiques publiques dont les enquêtes récurrentes « Emploi du temps » et « Budget des familles » de l'INSEE (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), et l'enquête « Pratiques culturelles » du ministère de la Culture, ainsi ...

(56 more words)

Revue

Société, modes de vie

Vers un marché du religieux ?

If "modernity" had to be defined as the rise of reason at the expense of religious beliefs (by the great victory of individualism over institutions representing norms that transcend individual conscience), then this phase can now be said to be over. True, the Church is not what it was, but its decline has by no means led to a decline in belief. On the contrary, belief is growing and diversifyng.
Gérard Donnadieu argues that this is because we have reached the phase of "ultramodernity", which is marked, first, by doubts about progress, science, religion as a system and, at the same time, by the growth of beliefs of all sorts; and secondly, by individualism, which therefore means the questioning of all absolute authority and the search instead, everyone for himself, for beliefs that will allow the individual to satisfy his desires and interests.
From this starting point, the author sets out to describe the "new landscape of belief", making use of the metaphor of the market to do so. He shows first that demand, far from diminishing, is fragmenting and becoming more diverse, depending on whether individuals are looking for material, social, moral, psychological or spiritual benefits. At the same time, supply is also becoming more differentiated, the Church has lost its monopoly, and there is a proliferation of extremely varied practices, some more structured than others. In such a competitive situation, the only successful strategies exploit niche opportunities, offering new entrepreneurs (healers, witchdoctors, clairvoyants) new openings.
In the highly competitive market of beliefs, what strategies should the main actors therefore adopt? In conclusion, Gérard Donnadieu outlines three scenarios:
-The "obsolescence" of products and institutions that used to represent the great religions; this would usually tend to generate reactions in the form of either "stiffening identities" or seeking ways of adapting.
-"Visionary transformation", which may be productive in the short term but very risky in the longer term.
-"Segmentation and diversification" which means, just as in industry, developing a much more varied range of products tailored to suit each segment of the clientèle...
In short, Donnadieu concludes, although the market analogy has its limits, it is nevertheless the case that the same laws apply today to the churches if they wish to achieve their goals.

Bibliography

Société, modes de vie

Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger of Disappearing

Bien que le phénomène des langues en péril soit connu, son étude systématique au niveau mondial est récente. Ce livre expose de manière concise le processus par lequel les langues deviennent menacées et rend compte des efforts entrepris par la communauté scientifique, en coopération avec l'Unesco, pour recenser ces langues et les rentrer dans une base de données. L'étude présente également un atlas des langues en péril identifiées à ce jour.

Bibliography

Société, modes de vie

La Famille en miettes : essai sur le nouveau désordre familial

On ne parle plus aujourd'hui de la famille mais des familles, dans leurs multiples formes : familles monoparentales, recomposées, de « cœur » (adoption), « bioéthiques » (issues de la procréation médicalement assistée) ou encore cohabitantes....C'est en effet une « gigantesque pagaille » qui affecte ce « jardin à la française » qu'était la famille il y a encore peu de temps. Jean-Michel Gaillard revient sur l'émergence de ce lieu privilégié de l'intimité à partir de la Renaissance et explique comment la famille ...

(166 more words)

Revue

Société, modes de vie

L’évolution du religieux

Pierre Bréchon shows here that, despite the existence of some national religious characteristics, international surveys reveal certain trends common to all countries, mainly resulting from generational change and ageing.
The main findings of his study of 11 European countries and the United States are:
- confidence in the churches has declined more than trust in other institutions;
- strength of religious convictions is often seen as a sign of intolerance;
- belief in a single faith (religious exclusiveness) is clearly waning, whereas the idea that all faiths contain an element of truth is becoming more widespread.
The writer highlights the decline of feelings of identity based on religion, albeit with marked variations depending on the religious group and the country concerned. But he shows that, while complete absence of belief is extremely rare, the range of different beliefs is enormous: belief in God, in various kinds of reincarnation, in heaven and hell, in miracles, and so on.
In all countries, belief is less and less linked with belonging to an established religion, and is increasingly an individual matter. But the situation in France seems unusual, in that young French people sometimes appear more likely to believe than their elders.

Bibliography

Institutions - Société, modes de vie

Les Croisés de la société fermée. L’Europe des extrêmes droites

Fruit d'un séminaire de l'Association française de science politique, ce livre est une somme monumentale de 426 pages denses, écrites par une vingtaine de spécialistes reconnus, français et étrangers, sous la houlette de Pascal Perrineau, professeur de science politique à l'Institut d'études politiques de Paris et directeur du Centre d'étude de la vie politique française (Cévipof). La question centrale du livre consiste à expliquer les phénomènes de montée de l'extrême droite que l'on ...

(567 more words)

Bibliography

Société, modes de vie - Territoires, réseaux

Prospective générationnelle des comportements des voyageurs internationaux d’ici 2020 en Allemagne en France et au Royaume-Uni

Réalisation d'une analyse prospective des clientèles internationales touristiques en provenance d'Allemagne, de France et du Royaume Uni à partir d'une démarche générationnelle à l'horizon 2020

Bibliography

Recherche, sciences, techniques - Société, modes de vie

La Société technicienne des origines à nos jours

On a certainement plus parlé dans les livres d'histoire et de politique de Napoléon que de James Watt. Il n'est pas sûr que ce choix ait permis à bien des générations de comprendre la société dans laquelle elles évoluaient. Désormais, ne serait-ce qu'en raison des défis de l'environnement, on s'intéresse enfin à la société technicienne, à ses origines, à ses caractéristiques. L'ouvrage de Jean Parent et Sabine Sépari a deux mérites. Il est clair ...

(184 more words)

Revue

Société, modes de vie

Protestantisme évangélique et pentecôtiste

Recent decades, according to Jean-Paul Willaime, have been marked by a growth of evangelical brands of Christianity that lay great stress on the personal religious commitment of each individual. These new religious practices in the Protestant tradition have, among other developments, taken the form of an increase in Evangelical Protestantism and Pentecostalism.
This substantial growth, which is probably the main transnational religious movement of the 20th century, has affected Europe as well as Latin America, Africa and Asia. Jean-Paul Willaime offers some statistics that speak for themselves. These militant branches of Christianity now account for more than 20% of churchgoers in North America (i.e. 20 million Americans) 10% of the population of South America, 25% of South Koreans, not to mention Africa. In Europe, one third of French Protestants are Evangelical Christians and Pentecostalists, as are almost two-thirds of Belgian Protestants, and in Italy there are more Pentecostalists than members of the traditional Protestant church.
The religious identity of these pious and orthodox Christians is that of the "convert" who places the whole of his or her life under God's authority, stressing individual responsibility and divine intervention as immediate and concrete. Through their insistence on moral behaviour, these evangelical churches offer protection and care to vulnerable groups by giving them a new kind of support based on religion, although they also increasingly attract middle class members. They have an economic role (redistribution) and encourage upward social mobility through access to positions of responsibility within the community.

Chapitre Société, modes de vie

Ce chapitre est extrait du Rapport Vigie 2016 de Futuribles International, qui propose un panorama structuré des connaissances et des incertitudes des experts que l'association a mobilisés pour explorer les évolutions des 15 à 35 prochaines années sur 11 thématiques.